Bitter Gourd (Karle) – HirkaniBitter Gourd (Karle) – Hirkani
Bitter Gourd (colloquial: Karela; Karla; Karle) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit. The fruit has a distinct warty exterior and an oblong shape. It is hollow in cross-section, with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large, flat seeds and pith.
Brijnal (Vangi) – Hirvi KateriBrijnal (Vangi) – Hirvi Kateri
Brinjal (colloquial: Eggplant; Vangi) is widely used in cooking in many different cuisines, and is often considered as a vegetable, even though it is a berry by botanical definition. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and the potato.
Brinjal (Vangi) – Puneri KateriBrinjal (Vangi) – Puneri Kateri
Brinjal (Vangi) – Puneri Kateri widely used in cooking in many different cuisines, and is often considered as a vegetable, even though it is a berry by botanical definition. As a member of it is related to the tomato and the potato.
Chilli Pepper (Mirchi) – JwalaChilli Pepper (Mirchi) – Jwala
The chili pepper (also chile, chile pepper, chilie pepper, or chilli) is the fruit of plants belonging to the members of the family Solanaceae. About thirty species exist as shrubs with brightly colored, mostly spicy, fruits. Chili peppers are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes.
Dodka (Ridge Gourd) – Jaipuri LongDodka (Ridge Gourd) – Jaipuri Long
Ridge Gourd (Dodka / Luffa) is a genus of tropical and subtropical vines in the cucumber family (Cucurbitaceae). The fruit of these species is cultivated and eaten as a vegetable. The fruit must be harvested at a young stage of development to be edible. The vegetable is popular in India, China and Vietnam. When the fruit is fully ripened, it is very fibrous. The fully developed fruit is the source of the loofah scrubbing sponge which is used in bathrooms and kitchens. Luffa are not frost-hardy, and require 150 to 200 warm days to mature.
Fenugreek (Methi) – Deshi JawaraFenugreek (Methi) – Deshi Jawara
Fenugreek (also known as Methi) is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with leaves consisting of three small obovate to oblong leaflets. It is cultivated worldwide as a semiarid crop. Its seeds and leaves are common ingredients in dishes from South and Central Asia.
Gawar (Cluster Bean) – DeshiGawar (Cluster Bean) – Deshi
Cluster Bean (colloquial: Gavar, Guwar, Guar, Guvar Bean) is an annual legume and the source of guar gum. This legume is a very valuable plant within a crop rotation cycle, as it lives in symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. In fact, agriculturists in semi-arid regions of Rajasthan follow crop-rotation and use guar as a source to replenish the soil with essential fertilizers and nitrogen fixation, before the next crop.
Ghosali (Sponge Gourd) – Pusa ChikaniGhosali (Sponge Gourd) – Pusa Chikani
Ghosali (Sponge Gourd) is a genus of tropical and subtropical vines in the cucumber family. In everyday non-technical usage, the luffa, also spelled loofah, usually refers to the fruit of the two species L. aegyptiaca and L. acutangula. The fruit of these species is cultivated and eaten as a vegetable. It requires lots of heat and lots of water to thrive.